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How to win the Mexican drug war :: Drogas México
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Viridiana Rios

Marihuana: Seis mitos
How to win the Mexican drug war
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The writer is a fellow in inequality and criminal justice at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government. From 2010 to 2012, she and Michele Coscia, a postdoctoral fellow at Harvard’s Center for International Development, studied how and where Mexican drug cartels operate. The U.S. government has spent $1.6 billion to help Mexico end...
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How to win the Mexican drug war

Viridiana Rios, The Washington Post

Viernes 12 de abril de 2013 (22/04/13)
ver en washingtonpost.com






The writer is a fellow in inequality and criminal justice at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government. From 2010 to 2012, she and Michele Coscia, a postdoctoral fellow at Harvard’s Center for International Development, studied how and where Mexican drug cartels operate.

The U.S. government has spent $1.6 billion to help Mexico end a war between drug cartels that has killed 63,000 people south of our border in the past six years.

Yet many of our assumptions about this war are wrong.

As part of a study tracking the behavior of Mexico’s organized-crime groups, a colleague and I created an algorithm that uses Google to explore blogs, newspapers and news-related Web content and extract detailed data about how Mexican drug cartels operate. Our tool reads everything published and indexed as part of Google News and collects all the information the Web contains about the activities of the cartels, including their routes of expansion, since the 1990s. Our discoveries shocked us and surprised the U.S. officials who reviewed our findings.

[Fragmento]

Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto plans to hold a national forum Tuesday with academics, laypeople and others to discuss how the country can best achieve peace. Now is the time for Mexico to choose the right direction.

Mexico must craft a system of incentives, using arrests, sentencing and imprisonment, so that criminal organizations cannot find it profitable to kill. Rather than help Mexico fight an unwinnable war against criminal organizations, the United States must help its neighbor battle impunity. Ours must be a war to make sure those who kill face consequences; a war to improve Mexico’s justice system, because only 31 percent of the population believes it would be punished after committing a crime; a war against the sort of outbreaks where, in one day, more than 130 prisoners escape a jail near the Texas border. The goal must be to make violent crime a risky endeavor, rather than a discretionary choice made by criminal businessmen. A war against impunity can be won. A war against drugs cannot.

ver en washingtonpost.com


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