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Successful Up-Scaled Population Interventions to Reduce Risk Factors for Non-Communicable Disease in Adults: :: Drogas México
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Beatriz Champagne

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Results from the International Community Interventions for Health (CIH) Project in China, India and Mexico Up-scaling known health promoting interventions designed to reduce incidence of NCD in whole communities in LMIC is feasible, has measurable beneficial outcomes on risk factors for NCD, namely tobacco use, diet,...
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Successful Up-Scaled Population Interventions to Reduce Risk Factors for Non-Communicable Disease in Adults:

Pamela A. Dyson, Denis Anthony, Brenda Fenton, Denise E. Stevens, Beatriz Champagne, Li-Ming Li, Jun Lv, David R. Matthews, Jorge Ramírez Hernández, K. R. Thankappan, Community Interventions for Health CIH

Lunes 13 de abril de 2015 (08/12/15)
Plos One ver en journals.plos.org

Results from the International Community Interventions for Health (CIH) Project in China, India and Mexico



Up-scaling known health promoting interventions designed to reduce incidence of NCD in whole communities in LMIC is feasible, has measurable beneficial outcomes on risk factors for NCD, namely tobacco use, diet, and physical inactivity. [Conclusiones. FRAGMENTO SELECCIONADO POR DROGAS MÉXICO]

Abstract

Background

Non-communicable disease (NCD) is increasing rapidly in low and middle-income countries (LMIC), and is associated with tobacco use, unhealthy diet and physical inactivity. There is little evidence for up-scaled interventions at the population level to reduce risk in LMIC.

Methods

The Community Interventions for Health (CIH) program was a population-scale community intervention study with comparator population group undertaken in communities in China, India, and Mexico, each with populations between 150,000-250,000. Culturally appropriate interventions were delivered over 18-24 months. Two independent cross-sectional surveys of a stratified sample of adults aged 18-64 years were conducted at baseline and follow-up.

Results

A total of 6,194 adults completed surveys at baseline, and 6,022 at follow-up. The proportion meeting physical activity recommendations decreased significantly in the control group (C) (44.1 to 30.2%), but not in the intervention group (I) (38.0 to 36.1%), p<0.001. Those eating ≥5 portions of fruit and vegetables daily decreased significantly in C (19.2 to 17.2%), but did not change in I (20.0 to 19.6%,), p=0.013. The proportion adding salt to food was unchanged in C (24.9 to 25.3%) and decreased in I (25.9 to 19.6%), p<0.001. Prevalence of obesity increased in C (8.3 to 11.2%), with no change in I (8.6 to 9.7%,) p=0.092. Concerning tobacco, for men the difference-in-difference analysis showed that the reduction in use was significantly greater in I compared to C (p=0.014)

Conclusions

Up-scaling known health promoting interventions designed to reduce the incidence of NCD in whole communities in LMIC is feasible, and has measurable beneficial outcomes on risk factors for NCD, namely tobacco use, diet, and physical inactivity

[FRAGMENTO SELECCIONADO]

ver en journals.plos.org


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